Rome, Italy, Tuesday 10 June. Meeting at the 31stSession of FAO’s Committee on Fisheries (COFI 31), COFI’s143 Members States adopted the first international instrumentdedicated to defending and promoting small scale fisheries. The instrument takes the form of “Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Alleviation (VG SSF)”. The Committee’s Chair dedicated the instrument to Chandrika Sharma in recognition of her tireless work, leadership and immense contribution to developing the instrument. Chandrika Sharma, the Executive Secretary of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), disappeared aboard Malaysia Airlines flight MH370.
Sid Ahmed Abeid, President of the National Artisanal Fishermen’s Federation of Mauritania (FNP) called it a “historic day for artisanal fisheries”. “We have fought hard for this for many years” he said, “today marks an important landmark victory”. For the organizations representing small scale fisheries around the world, the victory has a bitter-sweet taste. The loss of Chandrika Sharma has been a tragic blow, but her name and contribution will live on in the new instrument.
For over 6 years a platform of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) has been actively engaged with FAO and its Member States to develop this instrument. These organisations include the World Forum of Fisherpeople (WFFP), the World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers (WFF), the International Planning Committee on Food Sovereignty (IPC), and the International Collective of Fishworkers (ICSF). Together the two World Forums represent around 70 community based organizations of small-scale fishers from Latin America, North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and the Pacific.
The new instrument is global in scope, and applies to small-scale fisheries in all contexts, but with a specific focus on the needs of artisanal fishing population living in developing countries.. “We all belong to the same family, and are fighting for the same rights”, said Naseegh Jaffer of the World Forum of Fisherpeople, “whether in the North or South, small-scale fisheries are the largest and most sustainable segment of the world’s fishery sector”, he said, “the Guidelines apply to us all”.
The Guidelines are comprehensive and deal, in one instrument, with all significant aspects of small-scale fisheries and fishing communities within a human rights perspective. These Guidelines will support the visibility, recognition and enhancement of small-scale fisheries and fishing communities in the context of eradicating hunger and poverty. The Guidelines will contribute significantly to effectively addressing numerous challenges and constraints facing small-scale fishing communities around the world.
Whilst this is an important victory to celebrate, there are significant challenges for to small-scale fisheriesorganisations, Member States and FAO ahead to ensure the full implementation of this new instrument.
For more information contact: Brian O’Riordan, Secretary, Belgium Office, International Collective in Support of Fishworkers. email@example.com
Approximately 90% of the 140 million people engaged in fisheries globally work in the small-scale fisheries sector, predominantly in the Global South. These small-scale fisher people catch half of the world's total catches by volume and provide over 60% of the fish destined for direct human consumption. For each fisher-person in the small-scale sector, at least four other people are engaged in related land-based activities, such as the preparation of equipment, fish processing, and marketing. In total, more than half a billion people are estimated to depend on fisheries for their livelihoods. As a family based activity, fishing makes a direct contribution to household food security, where women play a particularly important role both as the link with the market and as the provider of food in the household. An international instrument could help to ensure that this sector is given the security and recognition it deserves.
The World Forum of Fisherpeople (WFFP) assure involvement of 36 community-based organizations in 24countries and territories. In Africa: Benin, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, and Sierra Leone; in America: Canada, Honduras; inAsia: Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia; in Europe: France, Spain, Martinique, Guadalupe; in the Pacific Region: New Zealand.
The World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers (WFF)assure involvement of 30 community-based organizations in 30 countries and territories. In Africa: Ghana, Guinea, Mauritania, Uganda, Tanzania, Gambia, and Kenya; in Asia: China and India; in Europe: Faroe Islands, France, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Portugal; in Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Perù, Venezuela. North America: Canada, Mexico, USA.